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Built from scrap, the primitive but deadly firearms Chechen rebels use to take on the might of Russia
23:20 GMT, 21 December 2012
Since the fall of the USSR, Russia and Chechnya haven't exactly been best of friends. In the mid and late nineties both countries have squared off with each other through two wars and various insurgencies, all in the name of sovereignty in a post-Soviet world.
Since 2009 there has been relative peace in the former Soviet nation, though relations remain tense.
Below are some of the weapons that have been seized by Russian soldiers from Chechen rebels. With handicapped economy and no military resources, insurgents resorted to their own ingenuity by mimicking classic battle weapons from Russia, America Germany and India.
Skorpion SA Vz 68 – a rare version of the basic sub-machine gun produced for infantry use, chambered for 9×19 ammunition Škorpion vz. 61. Originally developed for security and special forces the guns was later adapted for infantry use. The Škorpion is a select-fire, straight blow-back operated weapon that fires from the closed bolt position. It is now widely used as a side arm.
The GP-30 is a stripped-down model of Russian made grenade launchers, consisting of a very short, 40 mm rifled barrel in front of a basic trigger mechanism with minimal hand grip. On top of the barrel is mounting gear to attach the weapon under the barrel of an AK-series assault rifle, where it is designed to be fired from.
An imitation of a classic wartime weapon. The MG 42 is a 7.9mm general purpose machine gun that was developed in Nazi Germany and entered service with the Wehrmacht in 1942. It supplemented, and, in some instances, replaced the MG 34 general-purpose machine gun in all branches of the German Armed Forces, though both weapons were manufactured and used until the end of the war.
Most likely these are imitations of the Steyr M1912, a semi-automatic pistol and a design developed in 1911 by the Austrian firm Steyr Mannlicher and designed by Karl Krnka, based on the mechanism of the Roth-Steyr M1907. It was developed for the Austro-Hungarian Army and adopted in 1912 as the M1912. It was in service in a limited capacity for the Wehrmacht until the end of World War II.
The INSAS rifle is based on the Kalashnikov AK-47 action with modifications. The basic gas-operated action (long stroke gas system, rotating bolt, and stamped steel receiver) is of the Kalashnikov pattern. The gas system is fitted with a manual gas regulator similar in design to that found on the FN FAL as well as a gas cutoff. The charging handle is positioned on the left side of the forearm; it is similar in position and design to the German HK G3 rifle.
A rather makeshift CZ75 Czechmate 9mm. The Czechmate is based on a modified version of the CZ 75 TS frame.T
The Czechmate comes configured for Open division competition with a compensator and C-More red dot sight installed. The included front sight adapter replaces the compensator, and the included rear sight replaces the slide racker handle when switching from Open to Limited configuration. A big stick 26-round magazine and 3 20-round magazines are included in the CZ hard case.
A classic anti-tank rifle. These guns were developed from the original German model of WW1, becoming increasingly compact and accurate. Eventually however, they were rendered obsolete in terms of their original purpose, due to developments in armored vehicles. Version of this style of gun are still used as sniper-style rifles in some contexts, reliable for their accuracy and the damage they can cause.
Probably an imitation of the Baikal in one of it variants. This is a rather archaic looking version of what has now become a very popular type of pistol for gangland shootings and street crime. A Russian weapon that has now been seen in Britain's cities a little more than is comfortable. A reliable, accurate and easy to use killing machine.
Most probably a replica of the classic American brand of combat rifle, the M1 Garand. Also known as the 'GI's friend' the original model of rifle is known to be accurate and
Unmistakably this is direct imitation of the classic rebel's favourite, the AK-47. The original model was called Norinco Type 56 and imported into the US as the Norinco AKS-47 or AKS-47 Sporter 7.62x39mm. The gun has become an iconic symbol of insurgent violence for political terrorists and American street gangs alike.