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Whipping up a storm: Indonesia villagers whip each other in brutal ritual to make it rainThe ritual bouts are an old shepherd tradition known as ujungan
Flowing blood is seen as a sign that a plea for rain has been answered
22:53 GMT, 29 November 2012
These villagers are so desperate for rain they have resorted to an ancient ritual where they attack each other with whips to try and influence the weather.
And instead of writhing in pain after each raw blow, these hardy competitors barely flinch and some even laugh and dance.
The ritual known as ujungan has been adopted by many areas in Indonesia, including the city of Kediri, where these photographs were taken.
Brutal: Two fighters whip each other while performing a traditional game of endurance in Kediri, Indonesia, to help bring rain
One-on-one: The ritual has been adopted in many areas of Indonesia, including the city of Kediri, where these photographs were taken
Spectator sport: Thousands of spectators turn out to watch the event
The fighters make whips out of sugar palms leaf ribs, which they twist and lash together.
Then under the watch of a referee and an excited crowd, they each unleash five stinging strokes, avoiding areas underneath the stomach and neck areas.
The blood flowing from the duels is taken as a gesture that their plea for rain is granted. The bouts, known as Tiban, are accompanied by music and drums.
In need: The ritual is a tradition among shepherds to try and help bring rain to water their cattle
Homemade: The whips are made out of sugar palm leaf ribs and then twisted together
Wounds: Flowing blood is seen as a sign that the request for rain has been granted
The ritual originated as a dry-season tradition among young shepherds who often struggled to get water for their cattle.
The whipping was seen as a 'blood sacrifice' in return for rainfall.
It is no longer an annual event and is generally only held when communities are desperate for rain.
Friendly atmosphere: Far from being in pain, many laugh and joke throughout the bouts
In the ring: Individual fights only last 30 seconds at a time
'Blood sacrifice': Participants can't hit others around their neck or underneath their stomachs